You play darts like this:
A dartboard consists of 20 numbered areas with an outer and an inner ring. With the darts that land in the boxes of the outer narrow ring (the double ring or double), the points count double. For example, double 20 = 40 points, double 16 = 32 points, etc. The darts that land in the middle narrow ring (the triple ring or triple) count for 3 times the indicated value. For example triple 18 = 54, triple 15 = 45, etc. The green circle in the middle is the Bull. This Bull is worth 25 points. The red dot in the middle is the Bulls-eye and counts for 50 points. This can be compared with double Bull. The other larger areas all count once the number of points indicated on the outer edge.
The dartboard should be in good condition and without damage. the board must be perfectly flat. the metal wiring must be clearly visible. the numbering must be indicated in the correct place. (the 20 at the top in the middle) the double 20 is a red area.
MOUNTING THE DARTBOARD
The board should hang 1 meter and 73 centimeters from the floor, measured from the center of the bulls-eye. The distance from the front of the dartboard to the line behind which the player throws the arrows is 2 meters and 37 centimeters. The throwline is marked by e.g. a bar (oche ("okkie")). The height of an oche is between 3.5 and 6 centimeters. The length is at least 60 cm. A player needs at least 1 meter of free space all around. Obviously the space between the player and the dartboard must be "free".
A little dartboard is provided with good lighting. Good light is provided by at least two spotlights on either side, equidistant from the center line. The light does not reflect or cast shadows on the board.
As far as is known, any kind of dart can be used but .... The length must not exceed 12 inches. The weight is up to 50 grams.
In the game, each player throws 3 darts per turn. Arrows that fall out of the board or bounce back are not thrown again, if one arrow is thrown into another, the first one counts. The players must be aware of the score during the game. This is recorded on a throwing line scoreboard (oh). This scoreboard should preferably hang next to the dartboard.
A game depends entirely on the mutually agreed rules of the game. How exactly a game is played can differ per club, local or city. You can make a number of agreements yourself, invent a game or adhere to the international rules of the game. The most common game type is 501. In this game type, both players start with an equal number of points, depending on the chosen game type. The intention is to throw as high a score as possible with 3 darts and subtract it from the starting total in order to get the first to zero. In order to win, however, a double must be rolled last, which corresponds to the remaining number of points. Eg: remainder 40 points = double 20 or 1x 20 and double 10 etc. So 2 points is the lowest position that is still divisible. If more than the required double is thrown, the turn is canceled and the opponent throws. For example: if the remainder is 32 points and rolls with 31, more than 32 or no double to get to zero, this is seen as "NO SCORE" and the remainder remains 32 and it is the opponent's turn. With this game, it is therefore important to know in time which double number of points to be thrown will remain and which personal preference is given. Also, the Bulls-eye (double bullseye) counts 50 as double for ending the game. In this game mode, high scores have been achieved at an international level, such as in 9 darts. First turn: 180 = (3 times triple 20) Second turn: 180 Third turn: 141 = (triple 20, triple 19 and double 12)
Other variants of 501 are: 301, 701 and 1001. The points counting and gameplay of these games are the same as described above, however the 301 game is "usually" started with a double, 501, 701, 1001, usually have a " open start "(straight off).
LEGS and SETS
A game e.g. 501 is called a LEG. If several Legs are played, it is often an odd number. There can then be no equal game. for example best of 3. The games mentioned above are often played over several SETS (best of 3 - best of 5 - best of 7 etc.)
A Set consists of several odd numbers of Legs. For example 5 Sets "best of 5" So you can win with 3 - 0, 3 -1 or 3 - 2 Theoretically you could throw all 5 sets, but if you are 3 - 0 behind you cannot win anymore , which is why the game is usually over. The sets are also played in odd numbers to rule out a draw.
This game only uses the numbers 10 to 20 and the Bullseye. The intention is to throw each number 3 or 5 times, after which the numbers can also be scored. If the opponent also has the same number 3 or 5 times, such a number is "closed" and no longer counts in the game. The player who is the first to fill all numbers and the Bullseye and who is also ahead in score wins the game.
As mentioned at the beginning of this explanation, there are always games or variants to think of. Before you start playing a game, make good agreements so that you don't throw the darts at each other instead of at the board.
Remember: Darts is an adult sport and steel darts are actually not suitable for children. For this, darts with plastic soft tips is a good and safe variant. (This certainly keeps their room without holes) But adult supervision is still recommended.